The whole history of progress of human liberty shows that all
concessions yet made to her august claims have been born of earnest struggle.
If there is no struggle there is no progress.
Those who profess to favor freedom, and yet deprecate agitation,
are men who want crops without plowing up the ground, they want rain without thunder and lightning,
they want the ocean without the awful roar of its many waters.
This struggle may be a moral one; or it may be a physical one;
or it may be both moral and physical; but it must be a struggle.
Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will.
Find out just what any people will quietly submit to and you have found
the exact measure of injustice and wrong which will be imposed upon them,
and these will continue till they are resisted. . .
-- Frederick Douglass (1857)
founder, D.C. General Hospital
Last updated: May 20, 2002