Francisco Ferrer y Guardia, January 10, 1859 to October 13, 1909.
Ferrer was an anarchist and pioneer of the alternative Modern School Spain. He was executed after being tried and convicted in one day. A quote from Murray Bookchin's book The Spanish Anarchists:
"On the morning of October 13, 1909, Ferrer was Executed by a firing squad in Montjuich prison. He is said to have died serenely and with great courage. As the men were aiming their weapons at him, he cried out: "Look well, my children! I am innocent. Long live the Escuela Moderna!"