MASONIC MOVERS AND SHAKERS OF WW2
Ford Motor Co and General Motors – General Electric – IBM – Dow Chemical - Pearl Harbor – Nurenburg
“It is important to note as we develop our story that General Motors, Ford, General Electric, DuPont and the handful of U.S. companies intimately involved with the development of Nazi Germany were — except for the Ford Motor Company — controlled by the Wall Street elite — the J.P. Morgan firm, the Rockefeller Chase Bank and to a lesser extent the Warburg Manhattan bank”
P31 Antony Sutton, Wall St and the Rise of Hitler, Bloomfield Books 1976.
Each and all was dominated by the Masons, the only ones I have struggled to find information are the Duponts. Information concerning the Masonic status of the individual is as listed in '10,000 Famous Freemasons' - A gift to Anti-Masons if ever there was one.
FORD MOTOR COMPANY AND GENERAL MOTORS
Ford was a Masonic enterprise from the very beginning. Henry Ford was organiser and owner of Ford Motor Company. Ford was business representative of the American League to Aid and Co-operate with Russia in 1918. Raised Palestine Lodge No357 Detroit Michigan 1894 and remained a staunch member of this Lodge for 53 years. When he received the 33rd degree AASR in 1940, he stated “Masonry is the best balance wheel the United States has, for Masons know what to teach their children.” Ford funded Communism and Nazi-ism, he also wrote the famous Anti-Semitic ‘The International Jew.’ was also honorary member Zion Lodge No1.
Also with Ford was Mead L. Bricker from 1904 who rose to vice president and director of Manufacturing, and director of City bank of Detroit, and several other corporations. Raised in Friendship Lodge No 417, Detroit, Michigan in 1914. Also Grand Lodge of Michigan foreign relations committee. Member of King Cyrus Chapter No 133, Royal Arch Mason of Detroit, 33rd degree AASR, Moslem Shrine Temple, St Clement Conclave No 39, Red Cross of Constantine and The Royal Order of Scotland.
The Mason run firm General Motors operated and owned ‘Opal’ which was Germany’s second largest tank manufacturer alongside Fords German holding.
Charles Erwin Wilson was President of General Motors 1941-53, then US Secretary of Defence. Vice president of General Motors Corp 1929 – 39, director from 1934 and exec vice president from 1939-40. Raised in Fellowship Lodge No 681 Anderson. Received 33rd degree AASR at Boston in 1954.
Also with Ford and General Motors was Ernest R.Breech who became Exec vice president and director of Ford from 1946-1955 and Chairman of the board from that date. Breech was also vice president of General Motors 1933-1942. Raised in Austin Lodge No 850 Chicago in 1924. Soverign Grand Inspector General and 33rd degree AASR (NJ).
Charles S.Mott was Vice President of General Motors 1916-37 and Director since 1913. A member of Central City Scottish Rite Bodies at Syracuse NY and received 33rd degree in 1941.
Without Ford and GM Germanys war production (especially in the field of tanks) would have been nothing.
Please read the following chapter of Suttons 'Wall St and the rise of Hitler' regarding Freemason Henry Ford’s influence within the Nazi (and Soviet movement).
"Henry Ford and the Nazis
I would like to outline the importance attached by high [Nazi] officials to respect the desire and maintain the good will of "Ford," and by "Ford" I mean your father, yourself, and the Ford Motor Company, Dearborn. (Josiah E. Dubois, Jr, Generals in Grey Suits, London: The Bodley Head, 1953, p. 250.)
Henry Ford is often seen to be something of an enigma among the Wall Street elite. For many years in the 20s and 30s Ford was popularly known as an enemy of the financial establishment. Ford accused Morgan and others of using war and revolution as a road to profit and their influence in social systems as a means of personal advancement. By 1938 Henry Ford, in his public statements, had divided financiers into two classes: those who profited from war and used their influence to bring about war for profit, and the "constructive" financiers. Among the latter group he now included the House of Morgan. During a 1938 New York Times interview1 Ford averred that:
Somebody once said that sixty families have directed the destinies of the nation. It might well be said that if somebody would focus the spotlight on twenty-five persons who handle the nation's finances, the world's real warmakers would be brought into bold relief.
The Times reporter asked Ford how he equated this assessment with his long-standing criticism of the House of Morgan, to which Ford replied:
There is a constructive and a destructive Wall Street. The House of Morgan represents the constructive. I have known Mr. Morgan for many years. He backed and supported Thomas Edison, who was also my good friend ....
After expounding on the evils of limited agricultural production — allegedly brought about by Wall Street — Ford continued,
... if these financiers had their way we'd be in a war now. They want war because they make money out of such conflict — out of the human misery that wars bring.
On the other hand, when we probe behind these public statements we find that Henry Ford and son Edsel Ford have been in the forefront of American businessmen who try to walk both sides of every ideological fence in search of profit. Using Ford's own criteria, the Fords are among the "destructive" elements.
It was Henry Ford who in the 1930s built the Soviet Union's first modern automobile plant (located at Gorki) and which in the 50s and 60s produced the trucks used by the North Vietnamese to carry weapons and munitions for use against Americans.2 At about the same time, Henry Ford was also the most famous of Hitler's foreign backers, and he was rewarded in the 1930s for this long-lasting support with the highest Nazi decoration for foreigners.
This Nazi favor aroused a storm of controversy in the United States and ultimately degenerated into an exchange of diplomatic notes between the German Government and the State Department. While Ford publicly protested that he did not like totalitarian governments, we find in practice that Ford knowingly profited from both sides of World War II — from French and German plants producing vehicles at a profit for the Wehrmacht, and from U.S. plants building vehicles at a profit for the U.S. Army.
Henry Ford's protestations of innocence suggest, as we shall see in this chapter, that he did not approve of Jewish financiers profiting from war (as some have), but if anti-Semitic Morgan3 and Ford profited from war that was acceptable, moral and "constructive."
Henry Ford: Hitler's First Foreign Backer
On December 20, 1922 the New York Times reported4 that automobile manufacturer Henry Ford was financing Adolph Hitler's nationalist and anti-Semitic movements in Munich. Simultaneously, the Berlin newspaper Berliner Tageblatt appealed to the American Ambassador in Berlin to investigate and halt Henry Ford's intervention into German domestic affairs. It was reported that Hitler's foreign backers had furnished a "spacious headquarters" with a "host of highly paid lieutenants and officials." Henry Ford's portrait was prominently displayed on the walls of Hitler's personal office:
The wall behind his desk in Hitler's private office is decorated with a large picture of Henry Ford. In the antechamber there is a large table covered with books, nearly all of which are a translation of a book written and published by Henry Ford.5
The same New York Times report commented that the previous Sunday Hitler had reviewed,
The so-called Storming Battalion.., 1,000 young men in brand new uniforms and armed with revolvers and blackjacks, while Hitler and his henchmen drove around in two powerful brand-new autos.
The Times made a clear distinction between the German monarchist parties and Hitler's anti-Semitic fascist party. Henry Ford, it was noted, ignored the Hohenzollern monarchists and put his money into the Hitlerite revolutionary movement.
These Ford funds were used by Hitler to foment the Bavarian rebellion. The rebellion failed, and Hitler was captured and subsequently brought to trial. In February 1923 at the trial, vice president Auer of the Bavarian Diet testified:
The Bavarian Diet has long had the information that the Hitler movement was partly financed by an American anti-Semitic chief, who is Henry Ford. Mr. Ford's interest in the Bavarian anti-Semitic movement began a year ago when one of Mr. Ford's agents, seeking to sell tractors, came in contact with Diedrich Eichart, the notorious Pan-German. Shortly after, Herr Eichart asked Mr. Ford's agent for financial aid. The agent returned to America and immediately Mr. Ford's money began coming to Munich.
Herr Hitler openly boasts of Mr. Ford's support and praises Mr. Ford as a great individualist and a great anti-Semite. A photograph of Mr. Ford hangs in Herr Hitler's quarters, which is the center of monarchist movement.6
Hitler received a mild and comfortable prison sentence for his Bavarian revolutionary activities. The rest from more active pursuits enabled him to write Mein Kampf. Henry Ford's book, The International Jew, earlier circulated by the Nazis, was translated by them into a dozen languages, and Hitler utilized sections of the book verbatim in writing Mein Kampf.7
We shall see later that Hitler's backing in the late 20s and early 30s came from the chemical, steel, and electrical industry cartels, rather than directly from individual industrialists. In 1928 Henry Ford merged his German assets with those of the I.G. Farben chemical cartel. A substantial holding, 40 percent of Ford Motor A.G. of Germany, was transferred to I.G. Farben; Carl Bosch of I.G. Farben became head of Ford A.G. Motor in Germany. Simultaneously, in the United States Edsel Ford joined the board of American I.G. Farben. (See Chapter Two.)
Henry Ford Receives a Nazi Medal
A decade later, in August 1938 — after Hitler had achieved power with the aid of the cartels — Henry Ford received the Grand Cross of the German Eagle, a Nazi decoration for distinguished foreigners. The New York Times reported it was the first time the Grand Cross had been awarded in the United States and was to celebrate Henry Ford's 75th birthday.8
The decoration raised a storm of criticism within Zionist circles in the U.S. Ford backed off to the extent of publicly meeting with Rabbi Leo Franklin of Detroit to express his sympathy for the plight of German Jews:
My acceptance of a medal from the German people [said Ford] does not, as some people seem to think, involve any sympathy on my part with naziism. Those who have known me for many years realize that anything that breeds hate is repulsive to me.9
The Nazi medal issue was picked up in a Cleveland speech by Secretary of Interior Harold Ickes. Ickes criticized both Henry Ford and Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh for accepting Nazi medals. The curious part of the Ickes speech, made at a Cleveland Zionist Society banquet, was his criticism of "wealthy Jews" and their acquisition and use of wealth:
A mistake made by a non-Jewish millionaire reflects upon him alone, but a false step made by a Jewish man of wealth reflects upon his whole race. This is harsh and unjust, but it is a fact that must be faced.10
Perhaps Ickes was tangentially referring to the roles of the Warburgs in the I.G. Farben cartel: Warburgs were on the board of I.G. Farben in the U.S. and Germany. In 1938 the Warburgs were being ejected by the Nazis from Germany. Other German Jews, such as the Oppenheim bankers, made their peace with the Nazis and were granted "honorary Aryan status."
Ford Motor Company Assists the German War Effort
A post-war Congressional subcommittee investigating American support for the Nazi military effort described the manner in which the Nazis succeeded in obtaining U.S. technical and financial assistance as "quite fantastic.11 Among other evidence the Committee was shown a memorandum prepared in the offices of Ford-Werke A.G. on November 25, 1941, written by Dr. H. F. Albert to R. H. Schmidt, then president of the board of Ford-Werke A.G. The memo cited the advantages of having a majority of the German firm held by Ford Motor Company in Detroit. German Ford had been able to exchange Ford parts for rubber and critical war materials needed in 1938 and 1939 "and they would not have been able to do that if Ford had not been owned by the United States." Further, with a majority American interest German Ford would "more easily be able to step in and dominate the Ford holdings throughout Europe." It was even reported to the Committee that two top German Ford officials had been in a bitter personal feud about who was to control Ford of England, such "that one of them finally got up and left the room in disgust."
According to evidence presented to the Committee, Ford-Werke A.G. was technically transformed in the late 1930s into a German company. All vehicles and their parts were produced in Germany, by German workers using German materials under German direction and exported to European and overseas territories of the United States and Great Britain. Any needed foreign raw materials, rubber and nonferrous metals, were obtained through the American Ford Company. American influence had been more or less converted into a supporting position (Hilfsstellung) for the German Ford plants.
At the outbreak of the war Ford-Werke placed itself at the disposal of the Wehrmacht for armament production. It was assumed by the Nazis that as long as Ford-Werke A.G. had an American majority, it would be possible to bring the remaining European Ford companies under German influence — i.e., that of Ford-Werke A.G. — and so execute Nazi "Greater European" policies in the Ford plants in Amsterdam, Antwerp, Paris, Budapest, Bucharest, and Copenhagen:
A majority, even if only a small one, of Americans is essential for the transmittal of the newest American models, as well as American production and sales methods. With the abolition of the American majority, this advantage, as well as the intervention of the Ford Motor Company to obtain raw materials and exports, would be lost, and the German plant would practically only be worth its machine capacity.12
And, of course, this kind of strict neutrality, taking an international rather than a national viewpoint, had earlier paid off for Ford Motor Company in the Soviet Union, where Ford was held in high regard as the ultimate of technical and economic efficiency to be achieved by the Stak-hanovites.
In July 1942 word filtered back to Washington from Ford of France about Ford's activities on behalf of the German war effort in Europe. The incriminating information was promptly buried and even today only part of the known documentation can be traced in Washington.
We do know, however, that the U.S. Consul General in Algeria had possession of a letter from Maurice Dollfuss of French Ford — who claimed to be the first Frenchman to go to Berlin after the fall of France — to Edsel Ford about a plan by which Ford Motor could contribute to the Nazi war effort. French Ford was able to produce 20 trucks a day for the Wehrmacht, which [wrote Dollfuss] is better than,
... our less fortunate French competitors are doing. The reason is that our trucks are in very large demand by the German authorities and I believe that as long as the war goes on and at least for some period of time, all that we shall produce will be taken by the German authorities .... I will satisfy myself by telling you that... the attitude you have taken, together with your father, of strict neutrality, has been an invaluable asset for the production of your companies in Europe.13
Dollfuss disclosed that profits from this German business were already 1.6 million francs, and net profits for 1941 were no less than 58,000,000 francs — because the Germans paid promptly for Ford's output. On receipt of this news Edsel Ford cabled:
Delighted to hear you are making progress. Your letters most interesting. Fully realize great handicap you are working under. Hope you and family well. Regards.
s/ Edsel Ford14
Although there is evidence that European plants owned by Wall Street interests were not bombed by the U.S. Air Force in World War II, this restriction apparently did not reach the British Bombing Command. In March 1942 the Royal Air Force bombed the Ford plant at Poissy, France. A subsequent letter from Edsel Ford to Ford General Manager Sorenson about this RAF raid commented, "Photographs of the plant on fire were published in American newspapers but fortunately no reference was made to the Ford Motor Company.15 In any event, the Vichy government paid Ford Motor Company 38 million francs as compensation for damage done to the Poissy plant. This was not reported in the U.S. press and would hardly be appreciated by those Americans at war with Naziism. Dubois asserts that these private messages from Ford in Europe were passed to Edsel Ford by Assistant Secretary of State Breckenridge Long. This was the same Secretary Long who one year later suppressed private messages through the State Department concerning the extermination of Jews in Europe. 16 Disclosure of those messages conceivably could have been used to assist those desperate people.
A U.S. Air Force bombing intelligence report written in 1943 noted that,
Principal wartime activities [of the Ford plant] are probably manufacture of light trucks and of spare parts for all the Ford trucks and cars in service in Axis Europe (including captured Russian Molotovs).16
The Russian Molotovs were of course manufactured by the Ford-built works at Gorki, Russia. In France during the war, passenger automobile production was entirely replaced by military vehicles and for this purpose three large additional buildings were added to the Poissy factory. The main building contained about 500 machine tools, "all imported from the United States and including a fair sprinkling of the more complex types, such as Gleason gear cutters, Bullard automatics and Ingersoll borers.17
Ford also extended its wartime activities into North Africa. In December 1941 a new Ford Company, Ford-Afrique, was registered in France and granted all the rights of the former Ford Motor Company, Ltd. of England in Algeria, Tunisia, French Morocco, French Equatorial, and French West Africa. North Africa was not accessible to British Ford so this new Ford Company — registered in German-occupied France — was organized to fill the gap. The directors were pro-Nazi and included Maurice Dollfuss (Edsel Ford's correspondent) and Roger Messis (described by the U.S. Algiers Consul General as "known to this office by repute as unscrupulous, is stated to be a 100 percent pro-German")
The U.S. Consul General also reported that propaganda was common in Algiers about
... the collaboration of French-German-American capital and the questionable sincerity of the American war effort, [there] is already pointing an accusing finger at a transaction Which has been for long a subject of discussion in commercial circles.
In brief, there is documentary evidence that Ford Motor Company worked on both sides of World War II. If the Nazi industrialists brought to trial at Nuremburg were guilty of crimes against mankind, then so must be their fellow collaborators in the Ford family, Henry and Edsel Ford. However, the Ford story was concealed by Washington — apparently like almost everything else that could touch upon the name and sustenance of the Wall Street financial elite.
P89-97, Henry Ford and the Nazis, Wall St and the rise of Hitler, Antony Sutton, Bloomfield Books, 1976.
IBM was another Masonic Enterprise. The notorious Thomas J.Watson was President and Director of IBM 1914-49, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive officer 1949-56 and Chairman of the board after 1956. Watson was raised in 1901 in Valley Lodge No 109, Rochester, New York and received the Grand Lodge 50 year service medal in 1952, and in 1954 was presented the Grand Lodge medal for distinguished achievement.
Samuel M Hastings was director of IBM since 1927. A Mason affiliated with many lodges Hastings received his degrees at Braidwood Lodge No 704, Braidwood Illinois.
Abraham Kellog was Justice of the Supreme Court of New York 1918-30, and a director of IBM from 1934. Member of Oneonta Lodge No 466, receiving degrees on Oct 16, Nov 18 and Dec 12, 1890.
“At the heart of Black's argument is that information technology--in the form of IBM's Hollerith punch-card machines--provided the Nazis with a unique and critical tool in their task of cataloguing and dispatching their millions of victims.
As the book's title suggests, Black attempts to establish that IBM didn't merely vend its products to Hitler--as did many American companies--but maintained a strategic alliance with the Third Reich in which it licensed, maintained and custom-designed its products for use in the machinery of the Holocaust.
IBM has responded to questions about its relationship with the Nazis largely by characterizing the information as old news.
"The fact that Hollerith equipment manufactured by (IBM's German unit) Dehomag was used by the Nazi administration has long been known and is not new information," IBM representative Carol Makovich wrote in an e-mail interview. "This information was published in 1997 in the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing and in 1998 in Washington Jewish Week."
IBM also maintains, in a February statement to which it refers most questions on the matter, that the Nazis took control of its German unit before and throughout the war, and that the company "does not have much information about this period or the operations of Dehomag." Black vehemently disputes both claims.
IBM also defended Chairman Thomas Watson for his dealings with Hitler and his regime.
"As chairman of a major international company and a strong supporter of international trade, he met and corresponded with senior government officials from many, many countries, Hitler and Germany among them, in the 1930s," Makovich wrote. "As far as we know, the nature of the contacts between IBM executives and German government officials during the 1930s were similar to those with other government officials in other countries and consistent with IBM practices in the various countries in which the company did business during that era." http://news.cnet.com/2009-1082-269157.html
General Electric was JP Morgan’s enterprise with extensive involvement in funding pre and post-revolutionary Russia. They also heavily funded the Nazis - See Wall St and the rise of Hitler - General Electric funds Hitler. General Electric was also another Masonic enterprise.
Charles Edward Wilson was President of General Electric Co 1940-42 and 1944-50, Director of office of Defence mobilisation 1950-52. Vice president of GE 1930-37, Exec vice president 1937-39 and then president. Life member of Mariners Lodge No 67 New York City, in 1948 received Achievement Award of the Grand Lodge of New York.
Walter RG Baker
With General Electric since 1916, rose to directorship of many banks and corporations including General Electric (international); GE Supply Corp and GE Credit Corp. Mason.
Chester H Lang
With General Electric since 1919, rose to vice president in 1941. Mason.
JP Morgan Partner, on the board of General Electric International. Congressman 70th to 73rd Congress, Congressional delegate to Interparliamentary Union at Paris 1927, Berlin 1928, Geneva 1929, and London 1930. Mason.
Owen D Young
Lawyer, financier, corporation officer and author of ‘Young Plan’ for war reparations after WW1. Counsel and Vice President of General Electric 1913-22. Chairman of the Board of GE 1922-39. Deputy Chairman of Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Chairman Radio Corporation of America. Chairman Advisory Council National Broadcasting Co. Director American and Foreign Power Co, NY Life Insurance Co, American Broadcasting Co. Also Chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Also served on many national and international trade and economic committees. Heavily involved with funding Nazis and Soviets through General Electric. Raised in Evergreen Lodge No363, and served on NY Committee of Grand Lodge Awards of the Grand Lodge of New York.
“1928: The Young Plan. According to Hitler's financial genie, Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht, and Nazi industrialist Fritz Thyssen, it was the 1928 Young Plan (the successor to the Dawes Plan), formulated by Morgan agent Owen D. Young, that brought Hitler to power in 1933.
Fritz Thyssen claims that,
I turned to the National Socialist Party only after I became convinced that the fight against the Young Plan was unavoidable if complete collapse of Germany was to be prevented.8
The difference between the Young Plan and the Dawes Plan was that, while the Young Plan required payments in goods produced in Germany financed by foreign loans, the Young Plan required monetary payments and "In my judgment [wrote Thyssen] the financial debt thus created was bound to disrupt the entire economy of the Reich."
The Young Plan was assertedly a device to occupy Germany with American capital and pledge German real assets for a gigantic mortgage held in the United States. It is noteworthy that German firms with U.S. affiliations evaded the Plan by the device of temporary foreign ownership. For instance, A.E.G. (German General Electric), affiliated with General Electric in the U.S., was sold to a Franco-Belgian holding company and evaded the conditions of the Young Plan. It should be noted in passing that Owen Young was the major financial backer for Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United European venture when FDR, as a budding Wall Street financier, endeavoured to take advantage of Germany's 1925 hyperinflation. The United European venture was a vehicle to speculate and to profit upon the imposition of the Dawes Plan, and is clear evidence of private financiers (including Franklin D. Roosevelt) using the power of the state to advance their own interests by manipulating foreign policy.
Schacht's parallel charge that Owen Young was responsible for the rise of Hitler, while obviously self-serving, is recorded in a U.S. Government Intelligence report relating the interrogation of Dr. Fritz Thyssen in September, 1945:
The acceptance of the Young Plan and its financial principles increased unemployment more and more, until about one million were unemployed. People were desperate. Hitler said he would do away with unemployment. The government in power at that time was very bad, and the situation of the people was getting worse. That really was the reason of the enormous success Hitler had in the election. When the last election came, he got about 40%.9
However, it was Schacht, not Owen Young, who conceived the idea which later became the Bank for International Settlements. The actual details were worked out at a conference presided over by Jackson Reynolds, "one of the leading New York bankers," together with Melvin Traylor of the First National Bank of Chicago, Sir Charles Addis, formerly of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, and various French and German bankers.10 The B.I.S. was essential under the Young Plan as a means to afford a ready instrument for promoting international financial relations. According to his own statements, Schacht also gave Owen Young the idea that later became the post-World War II International Bank for Reconstruction and Development:
"A bank of this kind will demand financial co-operation be, tween vanquished and victors that will lead to community of interests which in turn will give rise to mutual confidence and understanding and thus promote and ensure peace."
I can still vividly recall the setting in which this conversation took place. Owen Young was seated in his armchair puffing away at his pipe, his legs outstretched, his keen eyes fixed unswervingly on me. As is my habit when propounding such arguments I was doing a quiet steady "quarter-deck" up and down the room. When I had finished there was a brief pause. Then his whole face lighted up and his resolve found utterance in the words:
"Dr. Schacht, you gave me a wonderful idea and I am going to sell it to the world.11
B.I.S. — The Apex of Control
This interplay of ideas and cooperation between Hjalmar Sehacht in Germany and, through Owen Young, the J.P. Morgan interests in New York, was only one facet of a vast and ambitious system of cooperation and international alliance for world control. As described by Carroll Quigley, this system was "... nothing less than to create a world system of financial control, in private hands, able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole.12
P25-27 Wall Street and the rise of Hitler, Antony Sutton
Dow Chemical were part of the IG Farben umbrella corporation and were suppliers of large stocks of Magnesium for incendary bombs and other chemicals for the production of explosives.
Williard H. Dow
President of Dow Chemical Co from 1930, chairman of the board 1941-47. Was also a director of several other Dow corporations. Mason 32nd degree AASR and Shriner.
Leland I. Doan
President of Dow Chemical from 1949, Vice President from 1938-49. Mason 32nd degree AASR at Alexandria.
The US was lured into WW2 by the Mason Churchill, Read ‘Betrayal at Pearl Harbor – How Churchill lured Rosevelt into WW2’ and Churchill supressed information regarding the attack. "Churchill was aware that a task force had sailed
from northern Japan in late November 1941, and that one of its likely targets was Pearl Harbor. Churchill deliberately
kept this vital information from Roosevelt, because he realised an attack of this nature, whether on the US Pacific
Fleet or the Philippines, was a means of fulfilling his publically proclaimed desire to get America into the war at
any cost.” Churchill was initiated in Studholme Lodge No 1591, London and raised March 25, 1902 in Rosemary Lodge No 2851.
Secretary of interior in Eisenhower cabinet. Served in State Senate from 1935-37, 1939-41, 1943-45 and 1947-49. ‘On holiday’ in Hawaii when the Japanese hit Pearl Harbor. Responsible for organising home guard unit at Pearl Harbor. A Royal Arch Mason, Knight Templar, 32nd degree ASSR, Shriner, Red Cross of Constantine plus many other Masonic distinctions.
Henry C Claussen.
A Lawyer who was in charge of the investigation or (whitewash) of the Pearl Harbor disaster of WW2 was surprise surprise, a Freemason. Claussen was member of Ingleside Lodge no 630 San Francisco, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of California and 33rd degree AASR.
The Nurenburg Trials were a Freemasons free for all, a whitewash designed to cover their own tracks, and detract attention from more horrific events in Masonic Soviet Russia. Movers and Shakers of Nurenberg included:
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Washington 1933-34, 1945-46 and presiding judge for the War Crimes Tribunal in Nurnberg 1946-48. Mason and 32nd degree AASR.
James T Brand
Judge of military tribunal for trial of major war criminals at Nurnberg in 1947. Mason.
Edward F Carter
Justice of supreme court of Nebraska since 1935. Served as judge on the 5th Military Tribunal, Nurnberg to try major German War Criminals in 1947 -48. Raised in Scotts Bluff Lodge No 201, Nebraska 1929. Grand Master of Grand Lodge of Nebraska in 1941. Royal Arch Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner, 33rd degree AASR, Red Cross of Constantine, High Twelve and Eastern Star.
Robert H Jackson
US Attorney General, US Supreme Court Justice and American prosecutor at Nuremburg war crimes trials tribunal. In 1945 he was appointed by President Truman to represent the US in negotiating with Russia, England and France on agreement for international trials of European Axis war criminals, and was also named chief of council for US, to conduct prosecution of Goering, Ribbentrop and others. Member of Mt Moriah Lodge No 145, Jamestown, New York. Also 32nd degree AASR.
Justice Supreme Court of North Dakota 1935-55. Judge at the major war crimes tribunal at Nurenburg in 1947-48. Member of Bismark Lodge No 5 and 32nd degree AASR. Also Shriner and National Sojourner.