'MADRID 1936' Photomontage by the German Socialist John Heartfield, 
using Madrid's famous 'No pasaran' slogan.

Spanish Anarchism

Spain has a long and intense history related to the anarchist movement.

You can also see an older version of this page in Spanish

The most outstanding event in Spanish anarchist history would certainly be the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939, and the Spanish Revolution of 1936.

Here are some reviews of the Movie "Land and Freedom" ("Tierra y Libertad"), now available at BLOCKBUSTER VIDEO:

Freedom Press
Movie Magazine International
Movie Reviews
British Cinima Reviews
(Irish) Republican News
Ritz Filmbill
Sydney Morning Herald METRO
Enternainment Weekly
Smart Theatre Systems

CNT Symbol The Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) is an anarcho-syndicalist labor union in Spain, and while it was banned during the dictatorship of Franco, re-emerged with great popularity after Franco died.

The FAI (Federacion Anarquista Iberica) is an anarchist federation in Spain that was created to help keep the CNT in line with it's origional libertarian goals. The FAI is a part of the International of Anarchist Federations (IFA). The CNT-FAI alliance during the Spanish Civil War officialy used the red and black flag which represents anarcho-syndicalism (as opposed to simply anarchism, represented by a purely black flag.)

AIT Symbol The International Workers Association (Asociación Internacional de los Trabajadores, or AIT) is the international anarcho-syndicalist federation of which the CNT is a part.

CGT Symbol An anarchosyndicalist union formed by a split in the CNT in 1979 is the CGT (Confederación General del Trabajo).

An outstanding anarchist miliataman who fought in the war was Buenaventura Durruti. This page also contains articles about Libertarian Communism and the history of the CNT-FAI in the Spanish Civil War. See the article "Getting to Know Durruti".

Here are some relevant chapters of books on anarchism:
Anarchism in Spain, by Gerald Brenan, from The Anarchists, Irving Horowitz/Dell Pub./1964
The Spanish Case, by J. Romero Maura, from Anarchism Today, David Apter/Anchor Pub./1972

Watch this space for electronic versions of these texts!


Here are the lyrics from The Clash's song, "Spanish Bombs".

Poster Collections from the Spanish Revolution:

"BURN" Collection Southworth Collection Brandeis Collection ALBA Collection
Chisholm Collection

Contemporary Links of Interest:

Spanish Republic FlagInternational 
La Guerra Civil Espanola (The Spanish Civil War)
This is a site in Spain, fully in Spanish. It includes an alphabetical list of famous personalities from the war, with photos.

The International Brigades

Spain 1936: The Forgotten War, Remembered

El Kiosko Libertario (The Libertarian Kiosk)

Ateneo Libertario Electriónico

Archivos ideologicos
Archivos ideologicos (Ideological Archives)

O Anarquismo em Portugal - An Anarchist site in Portugal. If this link doesnt work try this one.

A web page on Catalonia.

To Remember Spain, by Murray Bookchin

Anarquisme (Catalan)

Historia de l'anarquisme a Gava (Catalan)

tierra y libertad

Enlaces de Anarquismo (Nicaragua)

Preguntas frecuentes sobre el anarquismo (Faq sobre anarquisme en castella)
...also at this site.

Todo lo que siempre quiso saber sobre Anarquismo (y nunca se atrevió a preguntar)

Centro Social Libertario and...
Acratador Logo
El Acratador
, Anarchist publication - "El" means "The" and "acrata" is defined in the Real Academia Espaqola dictionary as: partidario de la supresisn de toda autoridad. Roughly, one who favors the elimination of all authority. Interestingly, a simmilar word, "atracador" means "thief bank" (something of the opposite).

MOC Logo
Moviment d'Objecció de Consciència (Conscience Objection Movement)

Servidor Popular de Informacion Electronica (Electronic Info Popular Server)


Recently right-wing, pro-free market capitalists (who call themselves "anarcho"-capitalists) have started to attack anarchism and in particular the Spanish anarchists and their role in the Spanish Revolution/Civil War. Here we present some replies to their attacks.



Back to the Liberty for the People web page

Check out the web page of Prominent Anarchists and Left-Libertarians

Last update: 12/10/97. Comments for this page to: jah AT iww.org